Dry eyes may seem to be nothing more than a minor inconvenience. However, if you suffer from chronically dry eyes, you know it can be more than an annoyance. Dry eyes are a constant distraction. Red and irritated eyes can keep you from looking your best. Fortunately, there are ways to alleviate dry eyes.
Tears actually soothe the surface of the eyes and safeguard them from foreign bodies and infections. Every time you blink, the tear drops wash over the eyes and then drain into the inner corners of the eyelids and to the back of the nose. If these tears are not enough and of good quality then eyes get dry.
Dry eye disease may be subdivided into 2 main types
• DRY EYE DISEASE associated with Sjogrens syndrome
• DRY EYE DISEASE unassociated with Sjogrens syndrome
The following are the most common complaints associated with Dry Eye Disease
• Foreign body sensation and ocular dryness and grittiness
• Mucoid Discharge
• Ocular Irritation
• Excessive Tearing(secondary to reflex secretion)
• Fluctuating or blurry vision
• Discomfort in wearing contact lens.
There are several possible causes which can include the following:
Age: The glands that make tears slowly stop working as well as they did, as you age. With age your eyelids also sag and that breaks the seal against the eyeball to keep the moisture intact.
Hormonal: Women are most commonly affected than men.
Illness: Certain autoimmune diseases, where the immune system attacks any part of the body can affect your body’s ability to make tears and cause dry eyes. Lupus and rheumatoid arthritis are such conditions which can hinder tear production.
Eye Surgery: Dry eyes can occur as a result of an eye surgery like LASIK or PRK, which is done to correct the vision
Oil less tears: If the tears don’t have enough of oil in them then they easily get evaporated or get absorbed in the air. The eyes will not get time to moisten and hence cause dry eye.
Medicines: Certain medicine for dry eyes such as antihistamines, beta-blockers and some anti-depressants can affect the tears and dry out the eyes.
Low Humidity: There are many reasons including low humidity as in an air-conditioned room or airplane then the eye gets dried. This condition can happen if there is lot of wind in your eyes too.
Too much Screen Time: When you look at a computer or phone screen for long hours then you don’t blink much and thus moisture does not get distributed in your eyes and they remain dry.
Contact Lens: When you wear a contact lens, then it is placed exactly in the tear film. If the eye is dry, then the contact lens worn for long hours will cause irritation and an uncomfortable feel.
If you are experiencing such symptoms of dry eyes, contact your Ophthalmologist. You may need to get your tear production tested.
You can take certain steps to avoid dry eyes. You can use artificial tears which is available in as drops or ointment. You can also enrich your diet with more of omega 3 fatty acid rich diet and take all precaution like staying away from air-conditioned rooms, wind, smoke and chemicals that irritate the eyes.
• Medical Treatment Most common treatment is with Artificial Tears. Your Ophthalmologist can prescribe the best artificial tears depending on your eye condition.
• Therapeutic Eye wear Specially made glasses known as moisture chamber Spectacles, which wrap around the eyes to retain moisture and protect against irritants.
• Surgical Intervention Punctual plugs (absorbable and non-absorbable plugs) can be used depending on the eye conditions.
My Vision Eye Clinic being one of the best eye clinics in Bangalore, we treat dry eyes with contemporary international protocols. Dry eyes occur when eyes do not produce the right quantity or quality of tears. Dry eye is among the least understood eye conditions that affect large number of people. Many people mistake dry eye symptoms for allergies, climatic conditions or just “eyestrain”. While all of these may aggravate dry eye symptoms, they are not the cause. Your eyes need a constant layer of tears called the “tear film” to maintain and protect the ocular surface. At My Vision Eye Clinic, we utilize the most advanced techniques available currently to diagnose and treat dry eyes