Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood sugar is too high, resulting in excessive amounts of sugar in the bloodstream. If uncontrolled, it can cause damage to the blood vessels all over the body, including the eyes. If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, then your diabetic eye checkup will help to protect your eyes from serious eye problems.
Diabetic Retinopathy is the most common eye disorder amongst Diabetic patients
Diabetic Retinopathy is an eye disease that affects 30 % of people with diabetes. It occurs when the blood vessels inside the eye start to leak blood and fluid into the retina, causing damage and permanent vision loss. You will know if you have Diabetic Retinopathy after your diabetic eye test/diabetic eye checkup
1. Diabetes can cause diabetic retinopathy, an eye condition that can impair vision and even blindness. The retina's blood vessels are impacted (the light-sensitive layer of tissue in the back of your eye).
2. It's crucial to undergo a thorough dilated eye exam at least once a year if you have diabetes. Although diabetic retinopathy may not initially present with any symptoms, detecting it early might help you take precautions to preserve your vision. Remember, early diabetic eye test and treatment is crucial for preventing your eyesight.
3. You can avoid or delay vision loss by controlling your diabetes by staying active, eating well, and taking your medications.
In the early stages of diabetic retinopathy, symptoms are frequently absent.
Some patients report changes in their eyesight, which can make it difficult for them to read or see objects in the distance.
These adjustments could come and go.
Blood vessels in the retina begin to bleed into the vitreous in the later stages of the disease (the gel-like fluid that fills your eye). If this occurs, you might notice cobweb-like black f or streaks. The spots may occasionally go away on their own, but it's still crucial to seek medical attention right soon. If the condition is not treated, the scarring could form in the back of the eye. Blood vessels could also start bleeding once more or the bleeding could get worse.
• Blurred vision
• Poor night vision
• Washed out colors
• Partial or complete loss of vision
Patients with diabetes should have a comprehensive eye examination every year. Early detection of Diabetic eye disease - including diabetic retinopathy, cataracts and glaucoma - can prevent vision loss and other complications.
Yearly examination of EYE is recommended for Diabetics Eye Disease
• Type 1 Diabetes- Schedule your examination within 5 years of diagnosis. Then yearly check-up recommended.
• Type 2 Diabetes-Schedule your examination immediately after diagnosis. Then yearly check-up recommended.
• Gestational Diabetes-Schedule your examination with the Ophthalmologist.
A Comprehensive Eye Examination is required to diagnose a case of Diabetic Retinopathy
• VISUAL ACUITY
• SLIT LAMP EXAMINATION
• DILATED FUNDUS EXAMINATION
• APPLANATION TONOMETRY – To see if there is increase in Intra ocular pressure (one of the complication of Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy.
You can visit an eye clinic in Bangalore for proper and regular checkups of Diabetic eye disease.