Diabetic Eye Disease - Types, Symptoms and Preventions

Diabetes is a disease that impacts numerous body organs, including the eyes. A diabetic eye disease is a group of eye problems affecting people with diabetes. These disorders include glaucoma, cataracts, diabetic macular edema, and diabetic retinopathy.
Diabetic Eye Disease can cause damage to blood vessels in the retina, which can result in vision problems. Early detection and treatment of diabetic eye disease can reduce the chances of permanent vision loss. Here is detailed information about each of the Diabetic eye diseases.

  1. Diabetic retinopathy
  2. At the back of the eye, is the retina, which is the inner lining. The retina senses light and turns it into signals that your brain decodes so that you can see the world around you. Diabetic retinopathy is when the retina is harmed by damaged blood vessels. Blood vessels may deteriorate, enlarge, or leak into the retina in early diabetic retinopathy. Nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy is the name of this stage. If the disease worsens, some blood vessels close off, which causes new blood vessels to grow or increase on the retina's surface. This stage is called proliferative diabetic retinopathy. There may be major visual issues due to these aberrant growing blood vessels.

  3. Diabetic macular edema
  4. The part of your retina you need for reading, driving, and seeing faces is called the macula. Diabetic macular edema is the medical term for swelling diabetes can cause in the macula. This condition can gradually obliterate this area of the eye's keen vision, resulting in partial blindness or vision loss. Macular edema usually develops in people with other signs of diabetic retinopathy.

  5. Glaucoma
  6. The optic nerve, the bundle of nerves that connects the eye to the brain, can be harmed by the group of eye illnesses known as glaucoma. If left untreated, glaucoma can result in vision loss and blindness and is twice as likely to develop in those with diabetes.

  7. Cataracts
  8. Our eyes' lenses are transparent structures that contribute to clear vision, but they often grow clouded as we age. People with diabetes are more likely to develop foggy lenses, called cataracts. People with diabetes can develop cataracts earlier than those without diabetes. Researchers think that high glucose levels cause deposits to build up in the lenses of your eyes.


Here are some of the diabetic eye disease symptoms. If you find any symptoms in your eyes, consult the eye doctor nearby you.

  1. The first symptom is blurred vision
  2. Blurred vision is one of the first diabetic eye disease symptoms. If you notice blurry vision, contact near Opthamologist right away. They will check your eyes with an ophthalmoscope (a small instrument used to examine the inside of the eye) and perform other tests to determine whether you need treatment.
    If you have diabetes, you should know the early signs of diabetic retinopathy. Blurred vision is one of them. Other diabetic eye disease symptoms include floaters (specks), flashes of light, and dark spots in your field of vision. Tiny hemorrhages usually cause these symptoms in the retina.

  3. Blurred vision may also occur with other eye diseases such as cataracts.
  4. Other diabetic eye disease symptoms include pain, redness, itching, and sensitivity to light. You should see a nearby Opthamologist immediately if you develop any of these symptoms.

  5. Other symptoms include floaters (specks), light flashes, and vision dimness.
  6. If you notice any of these symptoms, contact a nearby Opthamologist right away. They will perform an exam and test your blood sugar levels. This is called a dilated eye examination.

  7. These symptoms usually appear gradually over several months.
  8. You might not see any changes at first. However, as the condition progresses, you may notice some of these signs:

    • Blurred vision
    • Floaters (small pieces of debris floating in your field of vision)
    • Flashes of light
    • Blind spots
    • Loss of peripheral vision

    If you feel any of these symptoms, visit a nearby Opthamologist. If you are staying in Bangalore, visit the Best eye clinic in Bangalore and get your eye checkup.


It is important to prevent diabetic eye diseases and get an eye checkup from the best eye doctor before it leads to permanent vision loss. Here is what you can do to prevent diabetic eye disease.

  1. Know the Signs of the Diseases
  2. Early detection of diabetic eye disease is key to preventing vision loss. If you notice any eye changes, contact your eye doctor immediately. You should also check your eyes regularly with your optometrist.

  3. Understand the Risk Factors
  4. There are several risk factors associated with diabetic eye disease (DED). These include high blood sugar levels, high blood pressure, smoking, obesity, and family history. If you have any of these risk factors, talk to your doctor about how to manage them. If you are staying in Bangalore, you must search for the best eye clinic in Bangalore for your eye checkup.

  5. Take Care of Yourself
  6. You should also take care of yourself by eating healthy foods, exercising regularly, and managing stress. This will help keep your eyes healthy and reduce your risk of DED. The American Optometric Association recommends that people with diabetes get regular eye exams. If you notice changes in your vision, contact your doctor immediately. You should also follow proper care routines, such as wearing sunglasses and avoiding direct sunlight.

  7. Be Aware of Your Vision
  8. Contact your eye doctor immediately if you notice any changes in your vision, such as blurry vision, redness, or floaters. These symptoms could indicate that you have DED. Early detection is key to preventing vision loss.

  9. See a Doctor Regularly
  10. It’s essential to see your eye doctor regularly. This will help detect any potential vision issues before they become serious. You should also check your eyes at least once a year.
    There is no cure for diabetic retinopathy. Treatment focuses on controlling blood sugar levels and preventing further damage to the retina. If you think you have diabetic retinopathy, contact a nearby Opthamologist right away. Wasting no second, search for the Best eye clinic in Bangalore if you have any of the symptoms of Diabetic Eye Disease.

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